Tips For Producing Fuchsias
December 1, 2009
Fuchsias have forever been the favorite hanging plant for shade, but modern fuchsia series can handle more heat and light. One of these revolutionary series is Suntory's Angel Earrings. Technical experts from Suntory provide tips on growing fuchsias.
Rooted cuttings should be potted up as soon as possible into 4-inch to 10-inch pots. Use open, free-draining growing media with pH of 6.0-6.5 and incorporate a balanced fertilizer. Slow-release types can be used as per the manufacturer's recommendations.
After potting, the rooted liners should receive a light watering in. The crop is best kept on the dry side to aid root development.
Fuchsias are generally long-day plants. They prefer moderate-low light. Grow plants at temperatures of 65-75°F during the day and 55-60°F at night.
Pinching the crop is important to achieve a nice, compact, breaking plant. Light and space are important to get the required habit. If the cutting has received a pinch at propagation and a further one is needed, it is best to pinch at four nodes.
The use of growth regulators is not always necessary, but diaminozide and paclobutrazol have shown good results.
The crop should be watered uniformly throughout its life using a balanced liquid fertilizer at 100-150 ppm.
Levels should be moderate to low during production to help reduce stretching. Photoperiod management can induce earlier flowering if required by having daylight extension to 13 hours or using a four-hour night interruption before weeks 13/14 to promote the flowering, especially if your daylength at that time of year is less than 13 hours.
4-inch pots - six to eight weeks from liner
6-inch pots - seven to 10 weeks from liner
10-inch pots - 10-12 weeks, three liners
4-inch pots - one pinch
6-inch pots - two pinches
10-inch pots - two to three pinches
Less pinching is required when grown cool.
Leaf Miners (Liriomyza sp.)
Red Spider Mite (Tetranychus urticea)
Botrytis cinerea (gray mold)
Thielaviopsis basicola (black root rot)
Powdery Mildew (Oidium sp. and Eyrsipihe cichoracearum)
Use of broad-spectrum fungicides is recommended to prevent and control diseases.