November 30, 2010
Rotate Or Tank Mix To Avoid Resistance
In this, the final article in our series on making the most of your fungicide dollars, I am considering fungicide resistance management. There are some key topics that should be addressed, and I am covering them by answering questions. Obviously, if your fungicide fails due to resistance, your dollars are wasted. Which pathogens become resistant the quickest? The pathogens that become resistant to fungicides most quickly are those that reproduce quickly and in high numbers. These include powdery mildew fungi (e.g. Oidium), downy mildew fungi (e.g. Peronospora), Botrytis, Pythium, Phytophthora and bacteria (e.g. Pseudomonas, Xanthomonas, Erwinia, etc.). It is interesting that although bacteria develop resistance to copper quite readily, fungi don’t seem to. The FRAC (Fungicide Resistance Action Committee) actually has copper listed as low risk of resistance development. Which fungicides are most likely to have resistance concerns? In this case, the more narrow the mode of action the more […]
August 23, 2010
Getting The Most From Your Fungicides: Application Rate, Interval & Timing
I am sure you’re thinking the headline is somewhat dull, but if you do not pay attention to these aspects of disease control, you will be wasting a lot of money and wind up irritated. This article is part of the series to make the most of your fungicide/bactericide dollars in order to keep your profit margin up. I hope the thoughts I pass on will help some of you make better, more cost-effective decisions regarding fungicide/bactericide use. Does Rate Really Matter? I always ask which rates are being used to treat a disease before I try to suggest a control strategy. It is interesting to me how often the rates being used are too low to be effective. You might as well be spraying water if you use too low a rate. Remember, water is not neutral but something fungi and bacteria thrive on. So spraying very low rates […]
June 22, 2010
Getting The Most From Your Fungicides Part 3: Diagnosis & Application
Are you still guessing which products to use on a disease? Are you even sure you are treating diseases and not environmental, nutritional or even phytotoxicity look-a-likes? I have spent years trying to convince growers they can actually save money if they work with a lab to make sure what they think is a disease and which one it is. In this article I will, hopefully, get you to think more about using a rifle approach to disease control and not the popular shotgun approach. It can save you a lot of money if you use only the best product for the actual problem at hand. Getting Started The first step is always to know what the actual problem is. A lab diagnosis is the best way to determine the problem you are facing. This must be done before the fungicide program is chosen. This time, I will attempt to […]
April 15, 2010
Fungicides: How Controls Impact Efficacy
Chemical control of plant disease remains a popular and often over-used mainstay of our industry. Even the best fungicides and bactericides work better when cultural control methods are used, as well. In fact, if you try to put the entire weight of disease control on the fungicides you apply after a disease appears, you will be out of business quite soon. You cannot afford to waste your money on fungicides if the deck is stacked against them working. Using an integrated disease management program is the only way to make sure you get the most out of your fungicides and bactericides. There are many factors in cultural control of plant diseases, but a few stand out in their effect on fungicide efficacy. Some factors, like new pots and sanitation, may be important in reducing disease but have relatively low impact on the ability of a fungicide to control the disease. […]
February 11, 2010
Testing For Phytotoxicity
In these times of belt tightening, it is a good idea to know how to get the most out of your fungicide dollar. Simply replacing a product with one you think is less expensive may not be the answer. In this series, I will examine some of the places you should focus your efforts to maximize fungicide benefits, including this first article on phytotoxicity. The aim of this series is to remind you of the ways we lose money by skipping steps. Other discussions in this series will be how cultural controls impact fungicide efficacy, choosing the right fungicide, the importance of rate, interval and timing in controlling disease losses, and rotating or tank mixing to avoid fungicide resistance. Phytotoxicity Costs You Money Pesticides are routinely employed by many ornamental plant producers. They are generally effective and safe for the labeled crops, but whenever a new product hits the market […]
August 25, 2008
Producing poinsettias in today’s competitive market requires a great commitment of time and energy (and a bit of Tylenol). Taking steps that make your operation more sustainable can greatly increase your overall efficiency, reduce waste and boost your price per finished plant. Preventing nutrient imbalances that lead to deficiencies and toxicities can add a few extra steps at the start of the season, but you will reap the rewards, not to mention avoid the devastating damage a disease can spread throughout your entire greenhouse. Tracking the nutrient and disease status of your crop will improve your efficiency by saving you time on the end. Here are some ways crop tracking can improve your plant quality as well as overall sustainability. An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure; it may be a cliché, but its message is worthwhile. As we come into another poinsettia season, we often are […]
June 23, 2017
Greenbelt Microgreens is a Finalist for the 2017 Operat…
Winner of the Excellence in Innovation Award, Greenbelt Microgreens is constantly staying on top of the latest trends in technology,
June 22, 2017
Japanese Breeder Ushio Sakazaki Wins Medal of Excellenc…
From Supertunias to Superbells, this innovative Japanese breeder has used wild genetics to create game-changing plants that help consumers reconnect with the beauty of nature.
June 21, 2017
New Tool from Koppert Provides More Effective Thrips Ma…
A newly patented sachet for the predatory mite Amblyseius swirskii is resistant to both low and high levels of humidity, helping growers combat thrips infestations.
June 20, 2017
Dümmen Orange Enters Calla Market With Acquisition of G…
Golden State will continue to supply the market through September 2018, at which time Dümmen Orange will assume supply and delivery of much of Golden State’s product line.
June 20, 2017
Sign Up For The Luxflora Flower Run At Cultivate’17
The5k walk/run race, sponsored by Luxflora, is an opportunity for industry members to network, build relationships, have some healthy fun, and start off Cultivate’17 with a flourish.
June 19, 2017
IGC Show Features Talks on How to Cash in on the Buy Lo…
This year’s event, which takes place Aug. 15-17 in Chicago, also includes a free workshop on what you might do when starting your business over from scratch.
June 18, 2017
Protect Your Employees from Heat-Related Illnesses with…
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration have released an updated app for smart phones that can help workers stay safe when working outdoors in hot weather.
June 17, 2017
Visser, Ball Partner on New Sticking Technology for Cut…
The new AutoStix system is designed to provide better consistency and uniformity with shipped cuttings, easier and more reliable counting, automatic transplanting, and optional buffering in the peak season.
June 16, 2017
Five Guidelines to Investing in Software for Your Green…
Any software improvement you make should make sense for your team and be worth the investment.
June 15, 2017
Greenhouse Grower’s 2017 Evening Of Excellence Will Rec…
Registration is now open for the 2017 Greenhouse Grower Evening Of Excellence, which takes place Monday, July 17, during Cultivate’17.
June 14, 2017
Plantpeddler Hosting Variety Day on Aug. 4 in Cresco, I…
The free event will allow attendees to tour Plantpeddler’s trial gardens, which include more than 1,200 varieties of vegetative annuals displayed in large containers, baskets, window boxes, and beds.
June 13, 2017
Are Your Geraniums Showing Signs of Iron or Manganese T…
Zonal geraniums with low pH can exhibit iron and manganese toxicity symptoms, including marginal chlorosis, leaf speckling, and upward-cupping of the leaves, according to Michigan State University experts.
June 13, 2017
New Research Explores Potential of Using Steam or Hot W…
USDA-Agricultural Research Service horticulturist Dr. James Altland is exploring an alternative method for controlling weeds in greenhouse propagation systems by using steam or hot water to kill weed seeds.
June 12, 2017
How to Improve Customer Success by Adding Residual Fert…
Even if it costs a few cents more per pot or extra labor, your customers will thank you with repeat sales.
June 9, 2017
New Head Grower at Emerald Coast Growers is Excited abo…
Jonathan Babikow, Emerald Coast Growers’ new general manager/head grower for its Lancaster, PA, location, talks about his favorite perennials, the advantages of growing in Pennsylvania, and his future hopes for his career.
June 8, 2017
AmericanHort Update on Genetically Engineered Petunias
AmericanHort is actively assisting affected plant breeders, distributors, growers, and retailers as the genetically modified petunia regulatory response continues. Since the last update, there have been several changes to the list of petunias confirmed or suspected of being genetically engineered and therefore unauthorized to be imported or sold. Also, the list of recognized laboratories for petunia variety confirmation testing has expanded. Most importantly, petunia varieties on the USDA-APHIS Biotechnology Regulatory Services (BRS) list require an APHIS Form 2000 for importation. APHIS also began requiring that any Petunia spp. Shipments, not including regulated GE varieties, must be accompanied by a list of variety names. This resulted in some inspection delays at the USDA-APHIS plant inspection station in Atlanta over the past two weeks. In response, AmericanHort has negotiated a more flexible approach with APHIS, and new guidance has just been posted for importing Petunia plants, cuttings, or seed. The new guidance allows […]
June 8, 2017
Bailey Nurseries Expo to Take Place in Late July in Min…
This year’s expo will focus on bridging the gap with Millennials and non-gardeners through creative marketing, engaging in-store displays, and heightened customer service.