Lately, we have seen a lot of enthusiasm for urban horticulture and those who practice it are discovering the benefits of a healthy soil. However, due to the heat islands and wind factor on the roof of buildings, growing conditions can be stressful for plants.
There are numerous challenges, but they can be minimized by using mycorrhizal fungi inoculants and/or other beneficial soil organisms (bacteria, beneficial nematodes, earthworms, etc.) to increase the plant’s resistance to these difficult environmental conditions.
A majority of plant species will benefit from mycorrhizal fungi
The vast majority of plant species used in urban horticulture will benefit from the presence of mycorrhizal fungi. Inoculants such as MYKE PRO Nursery or PRO-MIX PUR MYCORRHIZAE ZEOLITE can be introduced at planting or can be pre-mixed into soilless growing media, such as the PRO-MIX MYCORRHIZAE line of products. They are readily available to colonize plant roots that come in contact with the mycorrhizal fungi to help them get established in their new soil environment.
Here are a few examples of plants that have responded well to mycorrhizal inoculants (Figures 1, 2 and 3):
• Urban vegetable crops in soil or trays: onion, garlic, carrots, potatoes, tomatoes, peppers, cucurbits, asparagus, herbs and lettuce
• Annuals in planters or flower beds: salvia, ornamental grasses, canna, ferns, aloe, gerbera
• Perennials in containers or flower beds: hosta, rose bush, lavender, thyme, purple coneflower, beebalm and nepeta
• Trees and shrubs in the landscape: fruit trees, gleditsia, juniper, thujas, maples, lilacs and elms
The main benefits of mycorrhizae include:
• Better nutrient uptake (including phosphorus, copper, zinc and manganese)
• Greater resistance to stresses related to transplanting, nutrient deficiencies, root rot and drought
• Optimal recovery and growth after transplanting
• Increase in plant vigor, flowering and fruit/vegetable production
The use of mycorrhizal inoculants is an interesting solution to help plants withstand difficult environmental conditions. They are particularly useful to help plants survive and grow, despite the excessive heat and lack of water they may experience more often due to climate change, especially in urban environments.
A few practical applications
The effects of mycorrhizae are important especially during stress episodes experienced by the plant. The greater the stress, the more the plant will rely on the mycorrhizae’s cultural help and the more the plant benefits. However, depending on the plant species, the measurable benefits of mycorrhizae are variable (Table 1).
Table 1. Effect of mycorrhizae on various plant species compared with non-mycorrhized plants in the table below: