Calibrachoa Propagation Tips
Syngenta Flowers shares key tips for getting started with calibrachoa.
June 14, 2012
Calibrachoas can be stored in a cooler for up to 24 hours.
Unrooted cuttings typically take about four and a half to five weeks to root in a 105-sized plug. Dipping the base of the cutting into 1,000 parts per million (ppm) IBA (indole-3-butyric acid) can be beneficial, especially during early stick weeks.
High-porosity media like Fafard 1P Mix is ideal. Fertiss and Ellepot are also common. Keep pH at 5.4 to 5.8 and test media EC and pH at around three weeks after sticking and adjust as needed.
Pinch in propagation at about 3.5 weeks after sticking. Make sure to use good sanitation practices.
Media temperatures of 72°F to 74°F are ideal. Once cuttings are fully rooted, the temperatures can be lowered to control growth.
Spray CapSil at 2 to 4 ounces per 100 gallons one day after sticking to reduce wilting. Gradually reduce night misting from day two to day seven. Keep in mind that oversaturated media can easily lead to losses and iron deficiency related tip yellowing.
Apply 100 ppm nitrogen (N) when cuttings start rooting, using a calcium-magnesium formulation of a balanced fertilizer with low phosphorus (i.e. 14-4-14, 13-2-13, or 15-5-15 Cal-Mag). Fertilize daily with 150 ppm nitrogen (N) when fully rooted. Supplemental iron chelate (e.g. Sprint 138 or 330) is recommended as a drench at 2 oz. per 100 gal. about three weeks after sticking to avoid iron deficiency related tip yellowing.
Plant Growth Regulators
Spray B-Nine plant growth regulator at 2,500 ppm or Sumagic plant growth regulator at 3 to 5 ppm (make sure to apply lightly) about two weeks after sticking when cuttings are fully rooted and later as needed. It’s also worth trialing Florel plant growth regulator at 350 ppm or Florel (350 ppm) plus B-Nine (1,250 ppm) as a combination.
Spray fungicides for foliar disease prevention such as Botrytis at day two and day nine, alternating between DaconilULTREX fungicide and Heritage fungicide. Drench with broad-spectrum fungicide combination like Subdue Maxx fungicide plus Medallion fungicide four weeks after sticking for prevention of root rots.
Scout for aphids and thrips. If aphids and foliar feeding thrips are present, Avid miticide/insecticide is a choice for control. Once cuttings are well rooted a Flagship insecticide application can provide protection for six to eight weeks.
Karl Trellinger is a technical services representative for Syngenta Flowers, Inc. He can be reached at email@example.com.
©2012 Syngenta. Important: Always read and follow label instructions before buying or using Syngenta products. The instructions contain important conditions of sale, including limitations of warranty and remedy. Avid®, Fafard®, Flagship®, Daconil ULTREX®, Heritage®, Medallion®, Subdue Maxx® and the Syngenta logo are trademarks of a Syngenta Group Company. Fertiss® is a registered trademark of Smithers-Oasis Company. Ellepot® is a registered trademark of Blackmore Company Inc. B-Nine® is a registered trademark of Chemtura Corporation. Florel® is a registered trademark of Monterey Lawn and Garden Products, Inc. Sprint® is a registered trademark of Becker Underwood. Sumagic® is a registered trademark of Valent U.S.A. Corporation. CapSil® is a registered trademark of Aquatrols. Cal-Mag™ is a trademark of Botanicare.